head injuries

Head Injuries: What You Should Know

Do you know what to do in the event of a head injury?

Head injuries can be a dangerous business. Most head injuries in the UK are caused by falls, assaults and car accidents and although 80% of the 700,000 head injuries reported to A&E are minor, serious head injuries can cause lasting brain damage if not taken seriously.

It can be difficult to know how serious a head injury is, and what the best course of action might be, so if in ANY doubt, seek medical attention.

This article will tell you all that you need to know about mild and severe head injuries, and what symptoms to look out for.


Minor Head Injuries


Minor head injuries are very common, and rarely cause any long-term damage. Symptoms of a minor head injury might include a mild headache, nausea, mild dizziness and some blurred vision. If you, or someone you know experiences any of these symptoms following a minor head trauma, you should visit your local minor injury unit or A&E department, especially if the symptoms worsen.




While most people recover from a minor injury quite happily in the first 24 hours, it is worthwhile keeping an eye out for any new symptoms that develop. It’s important to rest after a minor head injury and avoid any activities that might make the injury worse. Paracetamol will help combat any headaches associated with the head injury.


Severe Head Injuries


Severe head injuries must be treated immediately, as there is a real risk of serious damage to the brain. Unconsciousness of any duration, fits or seizures, difficulty speaking, drowsiness, vision impairment, vomiting, blood from the ears and nose and memory loss are all symptoms of severe head injury. If someone you know presents with any of these symptoms after a head trauma, take them to A&E immediately, or call 999.


What Counts As Severe?


Health professionals assess head injuries between 3 and 15 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (3 being the most severe), to determine whether the brain has been damaged. A score of 9-12 is considered severe, but may improve given recovery time. The true extent of head injuries is assessed using a CT scan.

If you have suffered a minor head injury, and require out of hours medical attention, these centres in East Berkshire will be able to guide you on the best course of action. In the event of a serious head injury, ALWAYS call 999.